The Reggio Emilia approach to teaching young children puts the natural development of children as well as the close relationships that they share with their environment and caregivers, at the center of its philosophy.
The foundation of the Reggio Emilia approach lies in its unique view of the child. In this approach, there is a belief that children have rights and should be given opportunities to develop their potential. “Influenced by this belief, the child is beheld as beautiful, powerful, competent, creative, curious, and full of potential and ambitious desires.
The child is also viewed as being an active constructor of knowledge. Rather than being seen as the target of instruction, children are seen as having the active role of an apprentice.
In addition, the role of parents are seen as vital component to the Reggio Emilia philosophy. Parents are viewed as partners, collaborators and advocates for their child's early learning. Teachers respect parents as each child's first teacher and involve parents in various aspects of the curriculum.